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Vermont Becomes 8th State to Confirm It Stops More Blacks Than Whites in Traffic Stops, ‘Implicit Bias’ to Blame

Police searching man's car. Photo by © Masterfile Royalty Free

Police searching man’s car. Photo by © Masterfile Royalty Free

Loads of traffic-stop data collected by the Vermont State Police over the last five years confirms an occurrence Black Americans are all too familiar with. A recent report revealed stark disparities between the rates at which Black drivers were stopped by Vermont police compared to whites.

According to officials, African-American drivers pulled over by state police were five times more likely to be searched than white drivers, despite the fact that contraband was more likely to be found in the cars of white motorists, ABC News reports.

Per a study conducted by the Institute on Race and Justice at Boston’s Northeastern University, the percentage of  traffic-stops resulting in searches was 5.1 for Blacks and 1.1 for whites. The study also revealed that contraband was found 80 percent of the time in searches involving white drivers, but only 68.5 percent of the time with Black drivers, the news site states.

States, including Vermont, began compiling traffic-stop data after a 1990’s racial profiling controversy involving New Jersey state troopers, the New York Times reports. The officers had targeted minority drivers for traffic-stops in hopes of catching drug runners.

According to the publication, data collected by Connecticut, Illinois, Maryland, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina and Rhode Island – states with the most extensive traffic-stop reporting policies – also show that African-American motorists are more likely to be pulled over and searched by police.

In Greensboro, North Carolina’s third largest city, officers were found to have used their discretion to search African-American drivers or their vehicles more than twice as often than white drivers, the New York Times reports. Yet, contraband like illicit drugs and firearms were found much more often when a white motorist was searched.

Col. Matthew Birmingham of the Vermont State Police blames implicit bias on the part of police officers, ABC News reports. He says although implicit bias is harder to “recognize and root out,” acknowledging that you have a bias is a good start to “moving these numbers in a positive direction.”

The disproportionate risks of driving while Black don’t stop there however.

According to a report by Back on the Road California, Black Californians are more likely to have their driver’s licenses suspended if they’re unable to make it to court or pay their ticket. Data collected by the Oakland Police Department between April 2013 to Oct. 2014 revealed that over 15,000 traffic violations were attributed to Black motorists while white drivers only incurred over 4,000 violations, Atlanta Black Star reports.

African-American drivers feel the squeeze when it comes to auto insurance too. A study conducted by the Consumer Federation of America (CFA) found that African-Americans living in predominately Black communities were being hit with much higher auto insurance rates. Per Atlanta Black Star, the report showed that while white drivers were charged an average of $622 a year, Black drivers were paying up to $1,060, a 70% increase.

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2 thoughts on “Vermont Becomes 8th State to Confirm It Stops More Blacks Than Whites in Traffic Stops, ‘Implicit Bias’ to Blame

  1. Woodi Holmes says:

    America soon found itself with too many blacks in America and needed a way to control them. Slaves patrols in the southern region of the United States were used to control slave populations and have been identified by some scholars and historians as the first formal police agencies in this country. Nothing has changed much from those days in regards to police reform. Many police still look at their jobs as US against THEM instead of serving and protecting the whole community.

  2. Some valid points, Woodi. But how about the fact that it starts with the (Lack of) Training program. Very strict requirements and "watching" of black police officer recruits at the gate within the law enforcement program. You might note that there is a disproportionate amount of Corrections Officers that are black; versus Law Enforcement Officers "on the street". One of the most obvious ways to control the enforcement element is to have Officers on the street that LOOK like the vast majority of the community. But~~in almost every community, the "front door" Law Enforcement presence reflects as primarily white. Is that for the "Fear Factor" and level of mistrust by those communities NOT primarily white? I think that may have something to do with it. Meanwhile, the street smarts and street wise connotation of having Black Officers to control the PREDOMINANTLY Black prison populations was made by the higher-ups who designed and enforce the placement and structure of officers both in the composition of Staff, Street, and Prison Populations…of POs. As well, did you know that within the ranks of POs there is this Corrections Officer versus Law Enforcement Officer. So even within the ranks of the Officers each State employs, there is a culture of biase, favor, and dis-favor! Talk about stuck on stupid! And, as bad as it gets, for the public citizen to get any justice against the independent of collective actions of POs on the street; we have to contend with the ominous "Thin Blue Line"…which puts the public's rights against a viral counterpart, or culture of impuned opposition that traditionally flies in the face against the pure and unequivocal right to face the PO in the justice system – without giving innate "preferential treatment" to the considerations of the Officer above the Citizen! I think MOST of us believe that our rights are sacred. But when you have "preferred" or "protected" bad actors within a system of justice, the tendency is that those who make a legitimate charge against the protected species called "cop"…get no justice whatsoever.

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