Many associate Black people for self-defense in the sixties and seventies with the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense and the Black Power movement, but many forget that there were people who came before who had the same ideas. Ella Baker was one of those people. She was the director of branches and secretary for the NAACP from 1943 until 1946. Fighting against Jim Crow laws of the south, she co-founded the organization In Friendship. After joining and organizing with the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) she started the voter rights campaign, the Crusade for Citizenship. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Baker often did not see eye to eye, especially in the area of non-violent tactics, because she believed in self-defense.