During the 1920s, Garvey’s UNIA-ACL, according to historian Lawrence Levine, was “the broadest mass movement” in African-American history.
There were an estimated 1 million men and women from the United States, the Caribbean and Africa who belonged to the organization.
On Oct. 14, 1919, George Tyler visited Garvey at his Harlem office, claiming to have been sent by Edwin Kilroe, the assistant district attorney of New York.
Kilroe was investigating the UNIA-ACL in order to find evidence of wrongdoing, but it was proven that there wasn’t any. Tyler pulled out a gun and shot Garvey in his right leg and head. Garvey sustained injuries but survived.