Celebrate Black Excellence: 10 Interesting Facts About Marcus Garvey


African American Nurses Marching

On Aug. 1, 1920, the first UNIA-ACL convention opened with a parade on Lenox Avenue in Harlem.

Garvey organized several business enterprises. They included the Negro Factories Corporation, a restaurant, a publishing house and a chain of cooperative grocery stores.


The UNIA-ACL created the Black Star Line in 1919. The Black Star Line was a shipping line that focused on trade and transporting Black passengers between America, the Caribbean and Africa.

By 1920, there were three ships in full rotation. It was also the first shipping company owned and operated by an all-Black crew.


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