In 1918, Garvey’s publication, The Negro World, was established in New York City. It was an attempt to convey his message of freedom to Black people.
At its peak, the weekly newspaper had an international circulation of 200,000. The paper was distributed to the Caribbean, Central America, Canada, Europe and Africa.
Garvey also started two newspapers upon his return to Jamaica – The Blackman and The New Jamaican in 1932.
In 1917, he formed the first Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA–ACL) division in Harlem, New York. This organization focused on the economic, social and political freedom of Black people.
While in London, Garvey and other Black activists were inspired by the Irish movement for independence from English rule. Garvey named the UNIA-ACL headquarters Liberty Hall after Liberty Hall in Dublin.