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5 Things Every Black Person Should Know About Marcus Garvey



He Led the Largest and Most Influential Movement to Advance Black People’s Interests in the World

Marcus Garvey founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), “the most dynamic mass movement across territorial borders among the African peoples [during] the 20th century.” According to “By the early 1920s the UNIA could count branches in almost every Caribbean, [latin America], and sub-Saharan African country  with membership swelling to 8 million.”

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43 thoughts on “5 Things Every Black Person Should Know About Marcus Garvey

  1. Mwariama Kamau says:

    And so much more. If those who embrace his ideology today would just pick up their crucifix and follow him ( ), in 24 hours we would enjoy a dominant control over the global economy and complete, unfettered liberty and sovereignty over our political affairs. Therefore, if Garvey's vision you want to materialize: Educate, Agitate, ORGANIZE!! Join the UNIA Today!

  2. Geoffrey Philp says:

    Thank you for this inspiring article about Marcus Garvey, the leader of the largest human rights movement in the early twentieth century.

    The Coalition for the Exoneration recognizes Garvey's impact on our lives and has launched a RESPECT Garvey campaign highlighting Garvey's values: Redemption, Education, Self-Reliance, Purpose, Entrepreneurship, Community, and Tradition. Our first step, however, is the exoneration of Marcus Garvey and we have launched two concurrent petitions:

    Urge Congress to Exonerate Civil Rights Leader Marcus Garvey:

    President Obama: Exonerate Marcus Garvey

    Please join us.
    Geoffrey Philp
    The Coalition for the Exoneration of Marcus Garvey

  3. Marc Lewis says:

    No he was a true African from Jamaica.

  4. Karen Gray says:

    Marcus Garvey gave us this what we have to day" Freedom". In every way.

  5. Dime Wars says:

    I love the prophet!

  6. Starboy Kemoy says:

    He sold out Jamaica. He could have invested more to make our country richer instead he role around like a king and lose the ships and everything he worked hard for

  7. Please add this sixth thing: Marcus Garvey was the source for Bob Marley's most famous lyric. When Marley implores his listeners to "emancipate yourselves from mental slavery" he is actually quoting Marcus Garvey. In November 1927 Marcus Garvey gave a speech at Menelik Hall in Sydney, Nova Scotia. The speech entitled "The Work That Has Been Done" contains the following words:

    We are going to emancipate ourselves from mental slavery because whilst others might free the body, none but ourselves can free the mind.

    The entire speech which deserves reading from all critical thinkers can be found here:

  8. Rudean Grant says:

    Starboy Kemoy Kemoy h didnt sell oyt Jamaican he choose to Better his race rather than his country, cant fault a man for that. He choose to help many instead of the few.

  9. Please confirm, is Sudan not a Sub-Saharan African country? If it is, then Ghana was not the first Sub-Saharan country to get its independence, because Sudan got its independence in January 1956, i.e. one year or a little more earlier than Ghana.

  10. Ben Etse Dorkenoo says:

    This is not a literal reference, the area is West African and directly beneath the Sahara. It is geo-political and international relations speak. Sudan is not directly under it. Its A bit off, its East African.

  11. Ben Etse Dorkenoo says:

    Equally importantly, there is a certain common identity of culture and language

  12. Rudean Grant: Garvey came to America and thanks to St. Croix born Hubert Harrison, a scholar that mentored him and who had the fortitude to study the horror that Blacks here were dealing with that the Caribbean WAS NOT dealing with, he said 'for every Black man you lynch in America, we're going to kill a White man in Africa".
    Jamaicans of today do not speak of America or Black America in that manner and most West Indians, including my own family stubbornly refuse to acknowledge or understand that absolute hell that Black people had to endure here. The terrorism from crazed Whites here, where they will cut your privates off and put them in your mouth and hang you and burn you to death or gang rape the women, hang her and cut the baby out and stamp the baby to death on the ground and burn them both is not something you hear about in Jamaica.
    Instead, the first thing done by far too many from the islands is to sneer and such the teeth in the front at the sound, sight or hearing of a Black American whose ancestors fought like hell to survive and whose townships were destroyed and in one case bombed (Negro Wall Street- look it up on youtube) because they were too successful. They went after all the things you swear you'd have done if places were exchanged yet you say this without intimate knowledge of the reality of life here. Yes in some states we could have taken over but so could you. Nanny, your Harriet Tubman, could have taken over the entire island but she refused to it.
    Garvey was an unusual man, an unusual Jamaican, an unusual Africa not bound by this incessant tribalism and a gift from on high. Just thinking of him makes me feel freer, stand taller, more empowered.

  13. I believe that sub-Saharan Africa starts from Sudan. But I stand to be corrected. Ben, Sub-Saharan Africa is NOT exactly the same as West Africa.

  14. Jelani Payne says:

    Starboy Kemoy …so must jamaica be richer and not barbados?

  15. Why is it so hard for our race to pick up the pieces and finish/develop what he started?

  16. Because we're so divided.

  17. That makes sense. I wonder if and how we can change this.

  18. Melvina S. DeVore-Morris says:

    Wow, never knew this.

  19. Mario Murray says:

    Thank you for this site and this article. I can always count on great inspiration from y'all.

  20. Hard to pick up the pieces – and no wonder; as Dr. Jacob Carruthers has proven, we are the subjects of unrelenting intellectual warfare, and should take up the mantle of truth and relentlessly spread the word. Do the best we can from where we are. Remembering that the longest journey starts with the first step.

  21. Karl Makinda says:

    Your "beef" against Marcus Garvey is akin to accusing me of abandoning my home to live with my wife and her relatives.

  22. That will never take place because he would be a hero that didn't turn the other cheek and forgive his enemies.

  23. Markie Raye says:

    Yes. While in Ghana recently and in a previous visit two years ago I have been visiting museums and pushing for Garvey's recognition wherever I didn't see it. They know him but not enough. He is without a shadow of a doubt the number one African in the diaspora. Obama has to thank him for even thinking of running for US Presidency!!

  24. Markie Raye says:

    You are welcome (Akwaaba) to visit my face book page and contact me for teachings on Garvey. In the mean time get your hands on The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey. Not expensive on amazon. Otherwise contact me brother.

  25. One thing that must also be known about Marcus Garvey is that every single thing that Garvey worked for was undermined by the US Government. The FBI used its first black special agent to undermine Garvey's work response to a growing fear that Garvey would empower people of African descent.

  26. Gregory Dowo says:

    Of course the Teachings of Rastafari are based on Marcus Garvey's work.

  27. Gregory Dowo says:

    Of course the Teachings of Rastafari are based on Marcus Garvey's work.

  28. Gregory Dowo says:

    Ibrahim Hamid Well, I think the reason why Sudan was never regarded as a Sub-saharan country is the fact that it was under Arab control, until the blacks broke away to form South Sudan.

  29. Gregory Dowo says:

    Ibrahim Hamid Well, I think the reason why Sudan was never regarded as a Sub-saharan country is the fact that it was under Arab control, until the blacks broke away to form South Sudan.

  30. Theodora Anagor says:

    Ibrahim Hamid Don't mind the Oyimbo and their selective geography.

  31. Hassan Abdullah says:

    Why is it that every writer who writes on Marcus Garvey forgets to mention that he was mentored, taught and inspired by the Black Egyptian Muslim scholar in London England named Druse Muhammad, Also that according to his son and his wife in a interview in Detroti in the late 1980's.They both stated that Marcus Garvey practiced Islam and was Muslim.The son and wife are both of Jamaican African American descent.

  32. Hassan Abdullah says:

    Why does the writer of this article leave this fact out that Marcus Garvey was a Muslim.According to a interview that was done in the 1980;s with his widow and his son that was done at a speaking engagement in Detroit. Druse Mohammed, a Egyptian Muslim , son of a Mamluk military commander, also reported to be a mentor of Marcus Garvey, was a pan-African founder of the Universal Islamic Society in Detroit in 1926. An apparently tireless advocate for human rights, he challenged Europeans to accept an Islam-based universalism as an extension of Enlightenment ideals. He saw Islam as an alternative to Western imperialism. His ideas were readily embraced by African Americans, for whom the Islamic ideal of universal brotherhood was a welcome alternative to the racist practices of Protestant Christianity. Unfortunately, the only accounts of the Universal Islamic Society that exist are a few small pamphlets…

  33. Sorry Bro, Garvey's teaching was NOT about revenge.

  34. Tony Larkin says:

    Don't have to be black to understand the greatness of a human being! History, like karma will show the real truths!

  35. All through my life I want to be known as someone who dedicated his happiness to the existence and struggle for the dignity and rights of the humanity..

  36. I believe you have left out one of the leaders inspired by Marcus Garvey; Robert Gabriel Mugabe. He has rubbed shoulders with all the leaders mentioned and implemented the greatest land reform program to empower Africans in his country. The Zimbabwean flag carries the red ,green,yellow and black. Nelson Mandela failed to change the South African flag!!! Black power lives on

  37. Tresia M Biagi Yes, that's one big reason. Another is that the conditioning of the minds of blacks for sooooooooo long by the whites (and I mean the euro whites. not all caucasian peoples) is very deep and it continues in high tech ways today. Very cery very difficult to overcome the relentless propogandized dehumanization of a race that has gone on for so long. I don't know the answers. So much is lost. And this was by design. People talk about black on black crime, welfare, etc but they don;t look back over the history of blacks in the Americas. The treatment and all. Blacks were never allowed to build up themselves and when they did, what happened? Whites burned and murdered and destroyed what blacks built for themselves. No way out. Even after slavery. It was a calculated effort to have blacks divided and in disarray just like they are today in many ways – planned at the start of the end of slavery. Starting with Jim Crow. We need deeper and complete study of the effects of our history on our state today and use that to unite and move forward – not to hate and keep us on the hamster wheel.

  38. MARCUS MOSIAH GARVEY, was a great and his ideology will live forever

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