The most-documented event of police brutality was the Algiers Motel Incident, which occurred July 25, 1967. Carl Cooper, Aubrey Pollard and Fred Temple were found dead in a motel on Woodward Avenue.
Police and National Guard responded to a call of shots being fired at the motel. They mistakenly shot the men later in two of the rooms. The police and National Guard had no evidence that the shots came from the men they killed.
The Kerner Commission was headed by Illinois Gov. Otto Kerner Jr. It was established by President Lyndon B. Johnson to investigate the causes of the 1967 race riots in the United States and to provide recommendations in dealing with riots in the future.
The commission described America as two societies — black and white, separate and unequal — and recommended new government programs to break down racial barriers and increase opportunities.