Nat Turner’s Revolution
Nat Turner’s rebellion, also called the Southampton Insurrection, is probably the most famous slave uprising in North America. The revolt was brilliantly planned by Turner and took place August 1831 in Southampton County, Virginia. The Turner-led group of “freedom fighters” killed up to 65 people of European descent, the highest number of fatalities caused by a slave uprising in the American South. Though the rebellion was quelled within a few days, Turner survived in hiding for more than two months afterward.
The most successful slave uprising in the Western Hemisphere was the Haitian Revolution, which began in 1791. Dutty Boukman, an educated enslaved African from Jamaica who was sold to a French slave master in Haiti, organized and started the revolution that eventually led the French to ban slavery on the island. Later, military mastermind Toussaint L’Ouverture led the revolution as the French tried to re-establish slavery. During the war, which culminated in the first independent black country in the hemisphere in 1804, 100,000 French soldiers were killed.