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Police Abuse Costs Taxpayers Big Money

taxpayers lawsuitsBy Manny Otiko

When African Americans are faced with police misconduct, they are often told to seek justice in the courts, but that doesn’t always work. Courts seem to be reluctant to hand down heavy sentences on police officers. Bay Area Rapid Transport Police Officer Johannes Mehserle, who shot Oscar Grant in the back in 2009, did less than two years in jail. St. Louis County District Attorney Bob McCulloch, who comes from a family of police officers, declined to charge Ferguson, Missouri, police officer Darren Wilson, who killed Michael Brown last year.

Many Black families are seeking compensation in civil suits, and cities seem to be more than happy to pay hefty sums to settle these cases. However, bad policing is costing taxpayers a lot of money as cities and municipalities spend millions to defend and settle police abuse cases. According to the Baltimore Sun, the city has paid $5.7 million to settle police abuse cases since 2011. The New York Police Department, which has a long-standing history of abuse against African-Americans, has cost the city of New York millions. The New York Post reported the city paid more than $185 million to settle cases against the NYPD in 2011 alone. In Arizona, Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio is known, by many, for overseeing an abusive police department. However, Maricopa County is so quick to settle police abuse cases that personal injury lawyers see Arpaio’s department as an ATM. According to the Arizona Republic, lawsuits against Maricopa County have cost taxpayers $44 million.

Dr. Cassi Fields, founder of Fields Consulting Group, has trained and tested police officers at metropolitan areas and municipalities across the country. She said cities mull over several issues before deciding to settle police abuse cases. They weigh the odds of winning and the cost of defending the case. A lot of times it comes down to money.

“They settle if it is the easiest and least costly way,” Fields said.

According to Fields, cities and municipalities prepare to deal with lawsuits. They face a barrage of legal challenges, many are not just for police abuse. Most cities have a team of lawyers on hand to deal with this, Fields said. And in some cases, cities set aside money to deal with potential lawsuits.

But, Fields thinks the system is not working. Cities keep shelling out money to defend and settle police abuse cases. However, she thinks the money would be better spent in improving police testing and training.

Fields pointed out most officers undergo rigorous training in police academies. The training lasts from 16-20 weeks and includes psychological, physical and weapons training. However, once they graduate, there is little follow-up training.

“I believe we are seeing a selection and training problem,” Fields said. “Police officers don’t train constantly.”

Fields says taxpayers need to take a closer look at how cities spend their dollars.

“We, as citizens who are taxpayers, have a minimal understanding of how our tax dollars are spent,” Fields said.

She recommends taxpayers go over city budgets with a fine-tooth comb and look at how much municipalities spend on items such as police testing and training and legal costs.

Cheryl Wattley, a law professor at the University of North Texas at Dallas, says filing a civil case against a police department or municipality can be a lengthy process. She filed several excessive force cases against the Dallas Police Department and other area police agencies when she was working in private practice.

She estimated it took about two to four years for a case to be settled. There are several issues to be considered such as if there are criminal charges to be filed. Wattley also said plaintiffs have to show that the departments have a pattern of abuse.

According to Wattley, financial settlements are either covered by the municipalities or their insurance companies. Some cities opt to insure themselves and are less likely to settle, since the terms are subject to open records, Wattley said.

However, a civil suit can do more than just impose a financial penalty on a city. If a lawsuit reveals a clear pattern of abusive behavior, it can force police agencies to address those problems and make structural changes.

“Civil lawsuits can be much more effective than getting money awarded,” Wattley said.

Kevin Sali, a Portland, Oregon-based attorney who has filed civil cases against law enforcement agencies, said there are legal reasons why cities and police agencies are eager to settle. If litigation against a city or police agency is successful and wins a judgment, it becomes a binding ruling. That makes it easier for other plaintiffs to sue.

Civil suits can win financial settlements. But maybe it time for taxpayers to start insisting their elected officials invest in better trained police officers who avoid costly lawsuits.

What people are saying

2 thoughts on “Police Abuse Costs Taxpayers Big Money

  1. Marc Neal says:

    Still waiting for those who beat their chests about wasted tax dollars to complain about this..

  2. ~ Our good, brave, honest police officers and agents with integrity deserve not only better training and standards, but leaders that lead by good example in their agencies for their officers to follow. It is up to the management to weed out the bad apples and when one of their own breaks the law or their own code of conduct or ethics, or even a mistake, it is their superiors that have to take responsibility and hold them accountable. The lives of all law enforcement officers are in their care. As are the lives of the public. People want the Truth.

    ~ Bad cops lie, falsify reports, plant evidence, use excessive force, flat out lie under oath in a court of law. And never even blink.

    ~ And good ones sometimes feel like they have to also and break their own code of ethics and conduct to cover for the bad ones. Or otherwise be labeled a rat and face retaliation. If any officer breaks the Law, Code of Conduct or Ethics, he should not be shielded by the Police Bill of Rights.

    ~ What is more concerning and a national security threat, is what the bad apples do off duty, or on duty but off camera………………

    ~ Yes, polygraphs can be beat. Yes, the are inadmissable in court. Yes, they are only as good as the examiner. But if used as a tool to weed out the bad apples, and protect the good cops, maybe they would think twice before breaking the very laws they were sworn to uphold.

    ~ All Levels of Law Enforcement have for decades felt that the polygraph is a much needed and essencial part of the hiring process. Why not change Policy that Polygraphs and Psych Evals for new Hires expire every 5yrs? (Including applicants for higher ranking positions).

    ~ National Institute of Ethics: Police Code of Silence – Facts Revealed http://www.aele.org/loscode2000.html.

    ~ Police Corruption and Misconduct legal definition http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Police+Corruption+and

    ~ National Instititute of Justice: Police Discipline: A Case for Change http://www.nij.gov/publications/pages/publication-detail.aspx?ncjnu

    ~ The Cato Institute's National Police Misconduct Reporting Project http://www.policemisconduct.net/.

    ~ Police Misconduct and 'Law Enforcement Officers' Bill of Rights' Laws | Cato @ Liberty http://www.cato.org/blog/police-misconduct-law-enforcement-officers

    ~ Center for Investigative Reporting ~ "Crossing the line: Corruption at the border" – http://bordercorruption.apps.cironline.org/.

    ~ DoD: Random Lie-Detector Tests Increase Personnel Security https://sm.asisonline.org/Pages/dod-random-lie-detector-tests-incre… ("the polygraph is the single most effective tool for finding information people were trying to hide.").

    ~ Federal, State and Local Governments (including police) are excluded from the Polygraph Act of 1988. http://www.dol.gov/whd/regs/compliance/whdfs36.htm

    ~ Break the Code. Break the Culture.

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