10 Reasons Montgomery Bus Boycott Is One Of Greatest Examples Of Collective Black Power In U.S. History

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African Americans boarding an integrated

The Activists Gave Montgomery One Last Chance

After unsuccessful talks with city commissioners and bus company officials, on December 8 the MIA issued a formal list of demands: courteous treatment by bus operators; first-come, first-served seating for all, with Blacks seating from the rear and whites from the front; and Black bus operators on predominately Black routes. The demands were not met; the long-term boycott was on.

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City Leaders Tried to Undermine the Boycott

City officials in Montgomery tried to undermine the boycott. Black cab drivers had charged the same as the buses in an effort to get Black people to work if they couldn’t ride the buses. However, city officials declared that the minimum fare that a cab driver could charge was 45 cents —so the 10 cents they were charging was made illegal. To get around this, MIA introduced a private taxi plan—a carpool system.

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