Martin Luther King Jr.
Perhaps one of the most influential voices of the Civil Rights Movement, Martin Luther King Jr. has played a major role in shaping Black consciousness today. The iconic activist, humanitarian and pastor is credited for much of the advancement of the Civil Rights Movement and remembered for his dedication to combating racism through nonviolent civil disobedience that extended from his Christian beliefs.
After escaping from slavery, Frederick Douglass emerged as a key leader in the abolitionist movement. As he became known for his eloquent speeches and incisive anti-slavery writings, he served as living proof that slave owners’ claims that Blacks lacked intelligence were extremely far from the truth. Douglass was also the first African-American to be nominated to be vice president of the United States.