Kwame Ture, formerly known as Stokely Carmichael
Kwame Ture, also known as Stokely Carmichael, was a Trinidadian activist who was active in the 1960s U.S. Civil Rights Movement, the Black Power Movement and later the global Pan-African Movement. Ture rose to prominence first as a leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), later as the honorary prime minister of the Black Panther Party and finally as a leader of the All-African People’s Revolutionary Party.
Born in Port of Spain, Trinidad, he was 11 years old when he and his parents moved to Harlem, New York. He later attended Howard University in Washington, D.C., and became dedicated to fighting the struggles of Black people across the world.
After there were allegedly several attempts on his life in the U.S., he moved to Guinea in 1968. Upon returning to the U.S. in 1970, he declared that his return was to wage a movement against the poison of drugs in the Black community. He later died from cancer in 1998. Ture was credited for coining the phrase “Black Power” that was used all over the world.