Egyptian Empire (1570 B.C. – 1070 B.C.)
The New Kingdom was Egypt’s most prosperous time and marked the zenith of its power. It expanded far south into Nubia and held wide territories in the Near East. Egyptian armies fought Hittite armies for control of modern-day Syria. The 18th Dynasty contained some of Egypt’s most famous pharaohs including Ahmose I, Hatshepsut, Thutmose III, Amenhotep III, Akhenaten and Tutankhamun.
The Kingdom of Kush (1650 B.C. to 1500 B.C.)
The Kingdom of Kush — which was also called Nubia, the land of gold — was located on the Nile River south of ancient Egypt. It was a state that existed (twice) in what is now the northern part of the Sudan. Nubia was also known as the Land of the Bow because of its expert archers. In 671 B.C., the Assyrians were able to run the Kushites out of Egypt and gain rule of it for themselves.