A close friend of Wells, Tom Moss, was lynched for killing a white man who broke into his store in Natchez, Mississippi.
This tragic event led Wells to research and document incidents of lynchings. She began investigative journalism in Memphis, Tennessee, examining charges given for murders – and so began her anti-lynching campaign.
In 1910, Wells formed the Negro Fellowship League in Chicago, which served as a fellowship house for new settlers from the South. The NFL also provided a space for religious services, an employment office, and served as a homeless shelter for men.