Harry Moore, 45 (Nov. 18, 1905 – Dec. 25, 1951) and Harriette Moore, 50 (June 19, 1902 – Jan. 3, 1952)
Harry and Harriette Moore were a husband and wife team of civil rights activists and teachers who founded the NAACP in Brevard County, Fla.
In the early 1940s, Harry Moore became an unpaid executive secretary for the NAACP. According to pbs.org, “[Moore] began churning out eloquent letters, circulars, and broadsides protesting unequal salaries, segregated schools and the disenfranchisement of Black voters.”
Harry Moore continued his political activism and reportedly investigated every lynching case in Florida until his death.
He also led the Progressive Voters League. Between 1944 and 1950, he succeeded in increasing the registration of Black voters in Florida to 31 percent of those eligible to vote, markedly higher than in any other Southern state.
Moore would later become a full-time organizer for the NAACP after both he and his wife were fired from their teaching jobs.
In 1951, the Moores were killed when their home was bombed by the Ku Klux Klan. The Moores were reportedly the first NAACP members to be murdered for their civil rights activism. Moore has been called the first martyr of the 1950s-era civil rights movement.