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9 People Other Than MLK Jr. Who Sacrificed Their Lives to Fight For Black Liberation

Black history has been celebrated in America throughout the month of February since 1976, and 50 years prior in Negro History Week. During this time, classrooms across America typically engage in activities from plays and artwork to writing assignments that highlight the contributions of Black people.

Despite its nearly 100-year history, Black History Month often excludes the contributions of African and Caribbean-born leaders and even some American-born leaders, who get buried beneath staples such as civil rights activists Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks. These leaders and activists have earned their rightful place in history, however a disservice is done to countless other leaders from around the world who too fought for Black liberation.

liberation lumumbaPatrice Lumumba, 35 (July 2, 1925 – Jan. 17, 1961)

Patrice Lumumba was the first democratically elected leader of what is now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Lumumba was a Pan-Africanist who spoke boldly and bravely against the atrocities of colonialism and passionately about a united Congo with full political and economic independence.

The Congo, considered then to be Africa’s richest country, had been a colony of Belgium since the late 1800s, which ruled over it with brutality while plundering its natural resources. Lumumba’s vision for making the Congo the “pride of Africa” through true political and economic independence was a threat to the Belgians and the United States who were not prepared to relinquish full control of the country’s resources and labeled him a communist.

The CIA, acting under the orders of  U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower, conspired but failed to assassinate Lumumba via poisoning. Instead, the United States and Belgium covertly funneled cash and to aid rival politicians headed by Joseph Désiré Mobutu, who seized power and arrested Lumumba.

According to Amy Goodman of Democracy Now, on Jan. 17, 1961, after being beaten and tortured, Lumumba was shot and killed by a firing squad along with his newly appointed ministers Maurice Mpolo and Joseph Okito.

What people are saying

39 thoughts on “9 People Other Than MLK Jr. Who Sacrificed Their Lives to Fight For Black Liberation

  1. Ademola Fadipe says:

    Add Franz Fanon

  2. Tatu Tshidondo Muluba says:

    Patrice Lumumba We Congolese miss you 🙁

  3. We can also include Maurice Greene of Grenada, as well as Nanny of the Maroons of Jamaica

  4. WOWWWW, THESE THINGS DID TO OUR PEOPLES WAS SOOOO HORRIBLE

  5. Kondo Nassor says:

    Very informative to say the least!

  6. Lots of things coming out a little at a time from back then. Peoples that deserves to be seen and heard of not getting their props. real sad

  7. Your magazine is soo Islam-phobic that you did not include El-Hajj Malik Shabazz..

  8. Mohammed Shakur says:

    Far from it. I think they were just bringing up others who were unknown or didnt get the recognition they deserved.

  9. Mohammed Shakur I do not think you have been following their posts and if you have why do you say that they are 'Far from being Islamaphobic? This is not the first time that I have had cause to comment on the undue bias.

  10. Mohammed Shakur says:

    Mustafa Ansari Based on what I've read so far, this site has shown that they're not afraid to touch some sensitive topics. Fact is, as a people, we must stop putting our beliefs and lifestyles before our identity. Correct me if I'm wrong but were you reading this as a black man or a Muslim? And lets also remember that our Shining Black Prince didnt convert to traditional or Sunni Islam until he was 38, not even a year before he was taken away from us.

  11. You are assuming that because I notice bias, I am biased. This is circular logic that is bereft of any knowledge as to how I think. Then you ask me to correct you with a statement?? Hmmm. I respect your opinion and AtlantaBlackStar..I just don't agree with it.

  12. Mohammed Shakur says:

    Mustafa Ansari I try not to assume. Thats why I asked. Although the article only mentioned 9 people, they were plenty of Afrikans that laid down their lives for us that goes unnoticed because some of their assassinations/transitioning were not publicized.

  13. Edith Koine says:

    interestingly enough being that I am American born the one person that I have heard of was Medgar Evers, the trail to bring him Justice was was depicted in the Film "Ghosts of Mississippi" Ironically I was in High School graduated in 1995..the film was released in 1996…needless to say I was pissed that we were not informed of the goings on of said trial especially during BHM when we were sitting in a classroom….I Knew who Medger Was and what he stood for and he worked toward I did not know Mrs. Evers never gave up….SADLY we have done so much in history that apparently History BOOKS cannot hold OUR TRUTHS AND FACTS….Each one of us must teach the next….We are a Great People and I am tired of being depicted as a lazy people when CLEARLY WE ARE RESILIENT…and as Antione Fisher said it STILL STANDING!!!!

  14. Peter Kamau says:

    This black liberation business is fatal. All mentioned were killed in the line of duty

  15. thank you for the friend request. But please let me direct you to my page ITAL Knowledge here on fb. That is where you will find me and the truth….

  16. Tatu Tshidondo Muluba says:

    Jah Selah Tafari You are welcome and thanks you for sharing your page with me. But, when are you going to accept me ?

  17. Tatu Tshidondo Muluba..I dont have to accept you, you can just like the page and there I am.

  18. Tatu Tshidondo Muluba says:

    Jah Selah Tafari.. But i have liked your page. Just wanna be friend with you Jah Selah Tafari

  19. Tatu Tshidondo Muluba …Well thanks for liking Ital Knowledge. I really hope you enjoy the page. My personal FB is for family and friends only. Take care.

  20. Tatu Tshidondo Muluba says:

    Jah Selah Tafari Amen. Take care of yourself too sister 🙂

  21. Mohammed Shakur actually, Malcolm had converted earlier. he hadn't yet made the Hajj.

  22. what about the numerous members of the Black Panther Party, Black Liberation Army and their supporters who have spent the last forty-years of their lives in prison?
    where is their remembrance during Black history Month?

  23. Yes it is was and still is. from the 1950s right into the 1980s the colonial powers as well as the authorities in the United States worked tirelessly to kill, discredit and overthrow any leader that attempted to empower African race worldwide.Especially in Francophone Africa and the United States.

  24. Ibn Askia says:

    Sadly, we don't have leaders like this anymore.

  25. The Civil Rights Movement in the United States was a long, primarily nonviolent struggle to bring full civil rights and equality under the law to all Americans. The movement has had a lasting impact on United States society, in its tactics, the increased social and legal acceptance of civil rights, and in its exposure of the prevalence and cost of racism.

    The American Civil Rights movement has been made up of many movements. The term usually refers to the political struggles and reform movements between 1945 and 1970 to end discrimination against African Americans and other disadvantaged groups and to end legal racial segregation, especially in the US South.

    This article focuses on an earlier phase of the struggle. Two United States Supreme Court decisions—Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), which upheld "separate but equal" racial segregation as constitutional doctrine, and Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954) which overturned Plessy — serve as milestones. This was an era of stops and starts, in which some movements, such as Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association, were very successful but left little lasting legacy, while others, such as the NAACP's painstaking legal assault on state-sponsored segregation, achieved modest results in its early years but made steady progress on voter rights and gradually built to a key victory in Brown v. Board of Education (1954).

    After the Civil War, the US expanded the legal rights of African Americans. Congress passed, and enough states ratified, an amendment ending slavery in 1865—the 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution. This amendment only outlawed slavery; it provided neither citizenship nor equal rights. In 1868, the 14th Amendment was ratified by the states, granting African Americans citizenship. All persons born in the US were extended equal protection under the laws of the Constitution. The 15th Amendment (ratified in 1870) stated that race could not be used as a condition to deprive men of the ability to vote. During Reconstruction (1865–1877), Northern troops occupied the South. Together with the Freedmen's Bureau, they tried to administer and enforce the new constitutional amendments. Many black leaders were elected to local and state offices, and many others organized community groups, especially to support education.

    Reconstruction ended following the Compromise of 1877 between Northern and Southern white elites.[1] In exchange for deciding the contentious Presidential election in favor of Rutherford B. Hayes, supported by Northern states, over his opponent, Samuel J. Tilden, the compromise called for the withdrawal of Northern troops from the South. This followed violence and fraud in southern elections from 1868–1876, which had reduced black voter turnout and enabled Southern white Democrats to regain power in state legislatures across the South. The compromise and withdrawal of Federal troops meant that white Democrats had more freedom to impose and enforce discriminatory practices. Many African Americans responded to the withdrawal of federal troops by leaving the South in what is known as the Kansas Exodus of 1879.

    The Radical Republicans, who spearheaded Reconstruction, had attempted to eliminate both governmental and private discrimination by legislation. That effort was largely ended by the Supreme Court's decision in the Civil Rights Cases, 109 U.S. 3 (1883), in which the Court held that the Fourteenth Amendment did not give Congress power to outlaw racial discrimination by private individuals or businesses.

  26. Annielee Williams says:

    To me ,no such thing as Black history month, Black History is every single day of my life, and i will remember it everyday of my life.

  27. Rayad Layeni says:

    stop that nonsense man< geez

  28. Rayad Layeni says:

    you mean Maurice Bishop?

  29. How Can One Month Cover Black History?,, Then American History Is Separated From Black History,, Black History is American History,, The Majority Of the Appliances That Are Used Today were Invented By Black Inventors,,, The Wealth Of This Country Was Built Off The Back Of Slavery,,, The Richest Man that Ever Lived On This Earth Was A Black Man By The Name Of Mansa Musa,,, The History Of The Black Man On This Earth Goes Deep.

  30. you are the only one that have made sense of so called "Civil Rights'. It was a sham to take away the individual powers of the black race…..Using appointed leaders that was killed after they were aware of," Leading their people into a fire"….and leaving us with speeches, while the rich elite laughs everytime they talk about I have a dream…..that is a real joke.
    thank you for the factual info.

  31. The only reason we have black history by our choosing. No one but ourselves can change it. Black history should be everyday.

  32. Laron Lloyd says:

    Geez, how did they manage to leave out Malcolm X

  33. Black History is History. Without it you only have history (pronounced) his-story! Which leads us to our current condition.

  34. Black history is made each and every day by all of us. The decisions we make In terms of the things we value define our current historical moment. It is only from here that we can determine the best possible outcomes In the long-term.

  35. Bro. Lloyd, I believe their their point was to expand beyond, our beloved Brother, Malcolm X and Martin Luther King. I truly appreciate them creating this article. And there are so many more amazing men and women who have met death at the hands of these 'psychopathic homicidal' people. And, today, if there's any doubt about that, we only have to look at the evidence, which this article has given us more of. .peace. & .respect.

  36. Excuse me, Family, but I have to say that we do… We do have leaders like these all around us today. They are like the 'one thousand drops of rain' that wet the ground. It's not one drop of water that does it, but all together; all who are active and engaged. Notice The US media does not go into Ferguson, or Baltimore or Chicago or South Carolina or New York, etc., truly looking for our leaders who have given strength and shape and voice to those communities and the movements that have come out of them ( such as, Black Lives Matter ). It is very important to be aware that, as a people, in 2016, we are more aware and more informed across the country, and across the globe, than we have ever been. We should continue to Get active. & Stay active. in whatever ways we can. -These are Exciting Times-

  37. Lolll… and I see now that these comments are years old. Lol

  38. Pardon, Bro. I see that your comment was a year ago.

  39. What about Robert F. Williams, or Stokely Carmichael, or H. Rap Brown, or Fred Hampton….also the list could use more women….

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