Medgar Wiley Evers, 37 (July 2, 1925 – June 12, 1963)
Medgar Evers was an African-American civil rights activist from Mississippi, who would become the first field secretary of the NAACP in the state, and help to integrate the University of Mississippi.
Evers helped organize boycotts and set up new local chapters of the NAACP. He became a bigger target for white supremacists after he began investigating the murder of Emmett Till and expressed his support of Clyde Kennard, a student who tried to attend the then-segregated Mississippi Southern College.
Several attempts were made on Evers’ life, including on May 28, 1963, when a Molotov cocktail was thrown into the carport of his home; and on June 7, 1963, when he was nearly run down by a car after he emerged from the Jackson NAACP office.
Finally, in the early morning of June 12, 1963, Evers reportedly pulled into his driveway after returning from a meeting with NAACP lawyers. Emerging from his car carrying NAACP T-shirts that read “Jim Crow Must Go,” Evers was struck in the back with a bullet fired from an Enfield 1917 rifle. He was pronounced dead at the hospital.