Moses Did Not Write the Torah/Pentateuch
Jews and Christians widely believe that Moses wrote the first five books in the Bible. However, beginning with some medieval rabbis, doubts have been raised. Among the details that challenged the notion that Moses was the author are as follows:
- The Edomite kings listed in Genesis 36 did not live until after Moses was dead.
- Moses is referred to in the third person in several passages.
- There are places named that Moses could not have known (he never entered the Promised Land).
- The Hebrew of the text includes terms that were developed long after Moses’ death.
- Moses’ death is included in Deuteronomy.
- Camels are listed in Abraham’s retinue, but camels were domesticated around 1000, long after Abraham (1550 B.C.) and even Moses (1250 B.C.)..
- In Deuteronomy 34, the writer says, “There never arose another prophet in Israel like Moses.” It didn’t seem to make sense that Moses — or even God, in Moses’ time — would write such words.