The bloody siege on Nairobi’s Westgate Mall on Sept. 21 was carried out by a Somali-based group called al-Shabab. The militant group was previously in decline and had largely gone unnoticed as a major threat. But by tying up the Kenyan security forces for four days in the nation’s capitol and leaving 63 dead, including diplomats and a prominent Ghanaian poet, al-Shabab, which means, “the youth,” put themselves on the global terror map.
Al-Qaeda in the Maghreb and the Sahel
Al-Qaeda in the Maghreb and the Sahel is an Islamist militant organization that aims to overthrow the Algerian government and institute an Islamic state. To that end, it is currently engaged in an insurgent campaign.