Miles Davis and John Coltrane’s Collaboration
Coltrane joined the Miles Davis Quintet one year after being fired from Duke Ellington’s Orchestra. Davis was impressed by the raw talent and skill Coltrane had as a player so he brought Coltrane into the fold. Their collaboration produced some of the greatest jazz records in history, including The New Miles Davis Quintet (1955), ‘Round About Midnight (1957) and Kind of Blue (1959). Even though Coltrane was sober for the majority of the time that he played alongside Davis, he just could not shake his heroin addiction. So the two parted ways.
“Coltrane was signed as a solo artist on Prestige, but his next stop was an apprenticeship of sorts with pianist and composer Thelonious Monk. With Monk’s guidance, Coltrane extended his solos and explored multiphonics, ” writes John Diliberto for NPR. Coltrane realized that starting his own band would mean that he could finally take control of his career. In the 1960s, his career took off when he created his quartet that included pianist McCoy Tyner, bassist Jimmy Garrison and drummer Elvin Jones.