Cape Coast Castle (Ghana)
In 1664, the fortress became the capital of trans-Atlantic slave trafficking for the British. According to one of its former governors, it was the “grand slave emporium” of the British trade.
Elmina Castle (Ghana)
The Portuguese, who were the first to enslave and traffic Africans, built Fort Sao Jorge da Mina (Elmina Castle) in 1492. This was the first trading post built on the Gulf of Guinea. The Dutch took control of Elmina in 1637, until the British took it over in 1871.