The ancient Sabaean Kingdom established power in the early first millennium B.C. It was conquered in the first century B.C. by the Ḥimyarites. After the disintegration of the first Himyarite Kingdom of the Kings of Saba’ and Dhū Raydān, the Middle Sabaean Kingdom reappeared in the early second century. The Sabaean kingdom was finally conquered by the Ḥimyarites in the late third century. At that time the capital was Ma’rib. The Sabaean Kingdom was a part of Yemeni Province dominated by Axum.
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