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Sunday, September 21st, 2014

15 Major Corporations You Never Knew Profited from Slavery

slaves-in-field

The enslavement of African people in the Americas by the nations and peoples of Western Europe, created the economic engine that funded modern capitalism. Therefore it comes as no surprise that most of the major corporations that were founded by Western European and American merchants prior to roughly 100 years ago, benefited directly from slavery.

 

Lehman Bros

Lehman Brothers, whose business empire started in the slave trade, recently admitted their part in the business of slavery.

According to the Sun Times, the financial services firm acknowledged recently that its founding partners owned not one, but several enslaved Africans during the Civil War era and that, “in all likelihood,” it “profited significantly” from slavery.

“This is a sad part of our heritage …We’re deeply apologetic … It was a terrible thing … There’s no one sitting in the United States in the year 2005, hopefully, who would ever, in a million years, defend the practice,” said Joe Polizzotto, general counsel of Lehman Brothers.

aetna insurance

Aetna, Inc., the United States’ largest health insurer, apologized for selling policies in the 1850s that reimbursed slave owners for financial losses when the enslaved Africans they owned died.

“Aetna has long acknowledged that for several years shortly after its founding in 1853 that the company may have insured the lives of slaves,” said Aetna spokesman Fred Laberge in 2002. “We express our deep regret over any participation at all in this deplorable practice.”

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Comments

  1. Mary Claret says:

    Don't forgot Prudential.

  2. Mary Claret says:

    Don't forgot Prudential.

  3. Sidney Davis says:

    Slavery was the largest profit making enterprise the world has ever seen, bigger than Wall Street, in fact Wall Street was a Slave Market before it was a Financial Center. You forgot to add Lloyds of London to the list:
    1. Lehman Brothers
    2. Aetna, Inc.
    3. JPMorgan Chase
    4. New York Life.
    5. Wachovia Corporation
    6. N M Rothschild & Sons Bank in London.
    7. Norfolk Southern
    8. E.W. Scripps and Gannett.
    9. FleetBoston
    10. CSX
    11. Canadian National Railway Company.
    12. Brown Brothers Harriman.
    13. Brooks Brothers
    14. Barclays
    15. AIG

  4. Thank you brother Sidney Davis for completing this list!

  5. Thank you brother Sidney Davis for completing this list!

  6. Thank you, For Enlightening This Nation !

  7. Adams Tim says:

    Thank you, For Enlightening This Nation !

  8. The entire tobacco industry was built with Slave labor. Sugar for sure.

  9. The entire tobacco industry was built with Slave labor. Sugar for sure.

  10. It's really not news to many of us that major national companies profited from slave labor and sharecropper peonage. It has been a main factor in depriving black people the benefit of our labor for generations.

    Show us the financial burden of slavery and discrimination on black people over the centuries and calculate the lost wealth creation it represents. Then, stop blaming young women for raising babies on little to no money in this richest land in the world.

  11. It's really not news to many of us that major national companies profited from slave labor and sharecropper peonage. It has been a main factor in depriving black people the benefit of our labor for generations.

    Show us the financial burden of slavery and discrimination on black people over the centuries and calculate the lost wealth creation it represents. Then, stop blaming young women for raising babies on little to no money in this richest land in the world.

  12. Sidney Davis says:

    Slavery was the largest profit making enterprise the world has ever seen, bigger than Wall Street, in fact Wall Street was a Slave Market before it was a Financial Center. You forgot to add Lloyds of London to the list:

  13. You forgot to add Tiffany & Company. Also Trinity Church, St. Paul's Chapel will still not release documents regarding their slaves. Trinity Church which is on Broadway looking down on Wall street also established King' College which is today's Colulmbia University.
    The Dutch Peter Stuyvesant built the wall on Wall street using slaves and some colonists in the 1640's.

  14. You forgot to add Tiffany & Company. Also Trinity Church, St. Paul's Chapel will still not release documents regarding their slaves. Trinity Church which is on Broadway looking down on Wall street also established King' College which is today's Colulmbia University.
    The Dutch Peter Stuyvesant built the wall on Wall street using slaves and some colonists in the 1640's.

  15. Michael Meggison says:

    You want reparations from them too?

  16. Michael Meggison says:

    You want reparations from them too?

  17. An we sitting poor while. An our ancestor live an die for this country ! Still we put money in there hands .

  18. An we sitting poor while. An our ancestor live an die for this country ! Still we put money in there hands .

  19. Jiani Yu Williams says:

    There is too many companies that have not benefited from slavery. Were'n't looked at as people, we were livestock.

  20. Janet King-Williams says:

    There is too many companies that have not benefited from slavery. Were'n't looked at as people, we were livestock.

  21. We Don't Want Shit but for THem to acknlowedge and allow for Us to Teach Our Selves and Our Children so we Can stop Depending on these Corporations that obvioulsy don't give a F*** about Us

  22. We Don't Want Shit but for THem to acknlowedge and allow for Us to Teach Our Selves and Our Children so we Can stop Depending on these Corporations that obvioulsy don't give a F*** about Us

  23. Michael Meggison Why shouldn't African(blacks) everywhere get it, the Jews demanded and got it and comparing their loss to how many slaves where killed over the same period it wasn't even close

  24. Michael Meggison Why shouldn't African(blacks) everywhere get it, the Jews demanded and got it and comparing their loss to how many slaves where killed over the same period it wasn't even close

  25. Evil Amerikkka

  26. Evil Amerikkka

  27. Debra Arroyo says:

    dang!

  28. Debra Arroyo says:

    dang!

  29. got it!

  30. got it!

  31. Michael Meggison no one is asking for reparations from any of these people that are listed above nor this country. My people has overcame, and to me conquered everything this country has thrown at us. Because of my ancestors i am, and my boys are allowed to be doctors, lawyers, senators, etc… I am a soldier in the u.s army thanks to my people so to me thats all the reparations we need. This was posted to enlighten African Americans not to say we need reparations, but its people like you with smart ass comments the reason why we have so much anger about the situation. So before you write something as dumb as your comment before please think about it.

  32. Michael Meggison no one is asking for reparations from any of these people that are listed above nor this country. My people has overcame, and to me conquered everything this country has thrown at us. Because of my ancestors i am, and my boys are allowed to be doctors, lawyers, senators, etc… I am a soldier in the u.s army thanks to my people so to me thats all the reparations we need. This was posted to enlighten African Americans not to say we need reparations, but its people like you with smart ass comments the reason why we have so much anger about the situation. So before you write something as dumb as your comment before please think about it.

  33. Michael Meggison Yeah motherfcka

  34. Michael Meggison Yeah motherfcka

  35. Companies that profitted from the Holocaust were required to pay up, when is black america going to force the issue? Slavery brought in bigger profits, and took more lives. Stop spending your money supporting an economy that does nothing for our communities.

  36. Companies that profitted from the Holocaust were required to pay up, when is black america going to force the issue? Slavery brought in bigger profits, and took more lives. Stop spending your money supporting an economy that does nothing for our communities.

  37. Michael Meggison Do you feel better for your remark? It is the cold heart such as yours sitting next to someone black in church across America. Keep your money. We have done well as a people without it and we will do better in the future. I see it coming slowly, now. Jesus said that one day the first shall be last and the last will be first. My people literally built this nation. Nothing you say or do will lessen that fact. We own this nation and one day we will own it's treasures as well. That is what really scares you, doesn't it? I see you making us more and more black babies. Keep it up. We, Blacks have always been smarter and cleverer than you ever thought. Your European ancestry gifts is just greed. The Bible says something about that, too. I understand that you usually love to use the Bible to explain away your sins.

  38. Michael Meggison Do you feel better for your remark? It is the cold heart such as yours sitting next to someone black in church across America. Keep your money. We have done well as a people without it and we will do better in the future. I see it coming slowly, now. Jesus said that one day the first shall be last and the last will be first. My people literally built this nation. Nothing you say or do will lessen that fact. We own this nation and one day we will own it's treasures as well. That is what really scares you, doesn't it? I see you making us more and more black babies. Keep it up. We, Blacks have always been smarter and cleverer than you ever thought. Your European ancestry gifts is just greed. The Bible says something about that, too. I understand that you usually love to use the Bible to explain away your sins.

  39. Princess Swain says:

    "Were" would suggest past tense… There is a new slave trade and it's called the prison system! We will forever be condemned in this country as slaves in some form until we organize, recognize and capitalize on what we are able to do.

  40. Princess Swain says:

    "Were" would suggest past tense… There is a new slave trade and it's called the prison system! We will forever be condemned in this country as slaves in some form until we organize, recognize and capitalize on what we are able to do.

  41. Carol Isaac says:

    'Wealth' enough for good health was too often not there. The future is going to be much harder and the police are militarized. How do we change that? Please don't say vote.

  42. Carol Isaac says:

    'Wealth' enough for good health was too often not there. The future is going to be much harder and the police are militarized. How do we change that? Please don't say vote.

  43. Barclays
    Marks and Spencer

  44. The system wasn't designed for blacks. It's amazing how my birth certificate says… Negro! My mom says…. Colored! WTW…

  45. Debbie Willam says:

    The entire Foundation of this country was built with Slave labor. Free African labor! I'm not surprised to see many of these companies there. There are many more that's been left off this list but this is a great start and thanks for sharing it. We need to truly educate our minds, become business owners and stop the dependence on the same people who really don't want the best for us!

  46. Anne Laure says:

    But isn't this history? The way some of these comments read it's like it happened yesterday. We haven't had slaves for over a century so no one here can use it in the present tense. Okay, these corporations did this, so what then? Should they pay people back? Whom should they pay back? How much? How would we figure who gets what? Isn't it better to learn from the past and move forward rather than dwell on it?

  47. Vincent Zevecke says:

    I believe that even more banks, more families, and more businesses have a history slavery. To me, I believe that slavery is the skeleton in the closet for United States, beyond just the list of fifteen people, corporations, banks and etc.

  48. Benee' Nee' says:

    Michael Meggison BY ALL MEANS…………YES!

  49. Benee' Nee' says:

    Tommie Flowers i'd like some reparations to pay for my son's college education and the land that was taken away from my grandfather and his family…….

  50. Benee' Nee' says:

    the catholic church and priest profited from slavery. they even changed the bible to enforce the enslavement of slaves………….."SLAVES, OBEY YOUR MASTERS…………HELLO!

  51. I SWEAR THERES ALWAYS ONE.

  52. Sabrina Abramo says:

    no sweetie… not true….I know personally my great grandmother who just died within the last 10 years, who was a share cropper and has raised white children, who are in their 40 's and 50's, which means my grandmother was raised in this environment, who had my mother, thanks be to God, who is very successful, it's not history when you have memories.

  53. these billion dollar companies need to give reparations instead of apologies

  54. Kim DeFranco says:

    The Dupont Family was a plantation owner. It's amazing how much money one (or families) can "earn" when they get a lot of free slave labor!

  55. Laure, you will never understand in this life the mental and emotional scars these people suffered. So, I would advise you to understand the 'his-story' of colonialism and who really wrote it and what they benefitted from only telling their side of the story. If you are interested in learning read Franz Fanon :'Black Skin, White Masks' and if you want to read more Eric Williams : 'Capitalism and Slavery.'

  56. Laure, you will never understand in this life the mental and emotional scars these people suffered. So, I would advise you to understand the 'his-story' of colonialism and who really wrote it and what they benefitted from by only telling their side of the story. If you are interested in learning read Frantz Fanon :'Black Skin, White Masks' and if you want to read more Eric Williams : 'Capitalism and Slavery.'

  57. Posted this valuable information on my fb wall…feel free to post your comments there…Shalom.

  58. Posted this valuable information on my fb wall…feel free to post your comments there…Shalom.

  59. That's right, we do! Your "Jewish" fore
    fathers got theirs didn't they?

  60. That's right, we do! Your "Jewish" fore
    fathers got theirs didn't they?

  61. Anne, you need a real dose of economic reality!

  62. Anne, you need a real dose of economic reality!

  63. Tracy Goldsborough says:

    Michael Meggison, HELL YEA. U DO THE MATH.

  64. Hakim Sabree says:

    Michael Meggison We are not waiting for it to better our liives. We will get it and you will help us get it and you dont even realize it.

  65. Hakim Sabree says:

    Michael Meggison We are not waiting for it to better our liives. We will get it and you will help us get it and you dont even realize it.

  66. Elsa Diaz says:

    Since its that simple, why isn't that the same attitude taken towards the holocaust? Since its that simple, why is it stressed that we NEVER forget the holocaust but when it comes to slavery we should move forward and not dwell in the past? That confuses me so much. Can someone enlighten me?

  67. Elsa Diaz says:

    Since its that simple, why isn't that the same attitude taken towards the holocaust? Since its that simple, why is it stressed that we NEVER forget the holocaust but when it comes to slavery we should move forward and not dwell in the past? That confuses me so much. Can someone enlighten me?

  68. Anthony Henderson says:

    Wow. Let's just say that it would be better to make good on these atrocities by investing in the lives of the descendants of people on whose backs your success was primarily built. All of the wealth created on the backs of my ancestors rests now in the hands of descendants of slave owners. There are disproportionately more Blacks in poverty, prison, and unhealthy than in other communities. Make education affordable, healthcare available, homeownership viable and TEACH these communities how to build and sustain wealth.

  69. Anthony Henderson says:

    Wow. Let's just say that it would be better to make good on these atrocities by investing in the lives of the descendants of people on whose backs your success was primarily built. All of the wealth created on the backs of my ancestors rests now in the hands of descendants of slave owners. There are disproportionately more Blacks in poverty, prison, and unhealthy than in other communities. Make education affordable, healthcare available, homeownership viable and TEACH these communities how to build and sustain wealth.

  70. THIS IS A REASON THAT WE MUST KNOW "OUR HISTORY"?

  71. THIS IS A REASON THAT WE MUST KNOW "OUR HISTORY"?

  72. We have to vote. Vote with a sense of cause and purpose. Tell everyone within earshot, vote as a form of protest. Whomever doesn't vote has little standing to complain.

  73. We have to vote. Vote with a sense of cause and purpose. Tell everyone within earshot, vote as a form of protest. Whomever doesn't vote has little standing to complain.

  74. As I black American I don't want a check for what my ancestors went through. Knowing the torture slaves endured doesn't exactly leave me standing with my hand out. Truly, the pain has been passed down through the generations. It's about the African slave, not what I can get for my forefather's suffering.

  75. For black people to receive reparations it will take an act of revolution! Another words..t.hey will never admit to or acknowledge any damage so there is no need for repair! It takes a responsible party to admit any wrongdoing and then take the steps to be better & repair the damage & money can't repair us psychologically or spiritually! It must be a revolutionary tone & from our present generation!

  76. Michael Meggison Reparations aint shit lab rat unless its gone include 40 acres to every indigenous person of this land .. Successfully running the thieves back under the Ice cap of the Caucasion mountains or caucus Mr smarty pants!! Know where that is???? Phone Home

  77. Michael Meggison Reparations aint shit lab rat unless its gone include 40 acres to every indigenous person of this land .. Successfully running the thieves back under the Ice cap of the Caucasion mountains or caucus Mr smarty pants!! Know where that is???? Phone Home

  78. Jacqueline Dickens I wouldnt bring Jesus into this.. He's there creation too

  79. Jacqueline Dickens I wouldnt bring Jesus into this.. He's there creation too

  80. Tommie Flowers Our ancestors aint American homie.. Fuck a US army and fighting for the right to fight for it.. Integration was the worst thing our people in america accepted.. Is this the Burning building that Martin Luther King said that he has lead his people into?? Stop Drop n Roll on em homie

  81. Tommie Flowers Our ancestors aint American homie.. Fuck a US army and fighting for the right to fight for it.. Integration was the worst thing our people in america accepted.. Is this the Burning building that Martin Luther King said that he has lead his people into?? Stop Drop n Roll on em homie

  82. Benee' Nee' yes thats understandable, and African Americans has different views on that, but imma teach my kids that education is key and they can pay for their own college with hard work, and their minds. Don't get me wrong it would be nice but i will feel a lot better if my boys get it on their own.

  83. Walter Tonetto says:

    The Wall Street credo is: never let morality get in the way of making profit…uncle Sam is always spoiling for war… It's the biggest money spinner!

  84. Nigel Bouvart says:

    Michael Meggison is a shithead

  85. Thank you so much, Sidney Davis, for enlightening, teaching, sharing this vital info regarding our history, and for sharing a more completed list of companies and banks that owned slaves( our no so distant ancestors). Apologies from these companies/banks are good in their own ways, however, to really right the wrongs done to our ancestors and in many ways are still being done to us in this present time, reparations for damages done to us because of the enslavement of our ancestors would be a great start. If you want to put a price tag on all the ills done to one targeted race of people(Africans and their descendants African Americans) I'd say somewhere in the ballpark of a gazillion trillion dollars might partially cover it!

  86. Why is it that European slave owners were reimbursed for the loss of their slaves through war or emancipation, but neither the freed slaves nor their descendants were never given reparations of "40 acres and a mule", as were promised??? As it is today, many foreigners come to this country and receive thousands of dollar to help them buy businesses, real estate, etc.. But we, descendants of the African slaves in America, have yet to receive anything at all for all the troubles we have experienced for being the descendants of slaves. I think it has a lot to do with keeping a nation of people down economically, socially, and politically. It's time to rise up and take back what's been rightfully ours from the beginning!!!!

  87. I wonder how many of these same companies are currently silently invested in the prison industrial complex???

  88. Alright, alright. I understand that there is a spirit of unity developed when discussing a common enemy. It is always the first step taken by the oppressed when seeking to ascend. My people we have found a common enemy. In fact we found them over three hundred years ago. At what point do we begin to discuss the next throng in this ladder. I appreciate the time taken to point out individual slaps in the face but how do we stop the beat down all together? We have found the problem. Who will find the solution. After a while these topics evolve into nothing more than barber shop banter of complaining which evolves into a spirit of it is what it is. It is not my oppressed. It is not. It is what we the strong, the powerful wish it to be. So lets. Please. any answers.

  89. Mia McLeod says:

    Honey… this is one conversation you really don't belong in. You'll NEVER understand.

  90. Myra Pepper Weathers says:

    Why you ask? Will the reparations come from you if we ever get any?

  91. hey Mike! How about you work for free and your kids and the grandchildren and their children for about four or five generations. That does not include the raping of our women and the beating and the hangings. just work for free then let me know that you did it for your country and don"t complain.

  92. In his book and documentary Slavery by Another Name, http://www.slaverybyanothername.com/, Doughlas Blackmon describes the continued use of forced labor by US Steel and other companies through and after Reconstruction. Today the forced servitude of "guest" workers continues, http://www.splcenter.org/get-informed/publications/close-to-slavery-guestworker-programs-in-the-united-states.

  93. Angela McLemore says:

    Black people do not need any reparations. They need to get up, get out and do some WORK. If the MAN wont hire them, then they need to create a job!!! If they want a check, then they need to WORK for it. The past is the PAST! That's what's wrong with this world today…Black, white, green or purple…etc…It don't matter what color you are….Everybody is still living in the past. We need to learn from the past to improve the present. Then our future would be beautiful. Break the cycle. Getting a reparations check will only make people more lazy! If they're not doing anything now without it, they will not do anything with it but blow it. IJS

  94. Ángelo Romeo Martínez says:

    How is it that I've known about all of these companies but Brooks Brothers? If they weren't so expensive I'd burn my suits! For now, I'll just be certain to never shop there again.

  95. She won't read a lick ,because that would endanger her "white Privilege"

  96. Some people will never get it because it’s not a part of their history. I never her people ask Jews to forget about the Holocaust because that’s in the past. Come down South and ask some of these Southern whites to forget that the South lost the Confederacy. They will never forget that this happen so way should black folks forget about this US that was built off of the backs of black folks that didn’t ask to come to this Country. I get it some people wont us to just be GOOD OL NIGGAS AND WEAR THE MASK. NOT!!!!!

  97. “The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness.” PLEASE READ THIS BOOK IT WILL HELP YOU!!!!!

  98. Timothy Edwards says:

    It's great having knowledge of these things although our continuous patronage within these companies will never change. We can remember only what we think our ancestors endured , because we were not there. Their sufferings still yet linger on in our minds and our hearts release prayers that their souls may be in peace. Why is it that we should continue to worry about yesterday , where nothing can be changed. I don't know any of my ancestors and if I did chances are that I would have liked some and disliked others , but loved them all.We have been so far caught up in yesterday that we tend not to see the very things that are happening today. Slavery will never be a thing of the pass , the human race itself is enslaved through is own societal functions , Whites as well as some blacks will always have an Jim Crowe mentality. Our youth are confounded to the foolish lyrics of today , found in rap music. Every black male wants to be a thug or gangster , because they believe that that's what attracts women. There is no value placed on the life of the individual , not even by the individual themselves.We are lost of pride and striped of dignity of our own selves , stop blaming the pass and change what's happening today.

  99. hopefully they've realized their mistakes

  100. hopefully they've realized their mistakes

  101. Ken Yahhoyakiyn Ysrayl Willis says:

    Yes cracker we should learn from history. To learn that white people have not change in America, not even a little. We should not integrate with you wicked racist people.

    http://www.yahspeople.com/

  102. it is good to know though so that we as apeople and individually can make an informed desicion on what we will and wont do in the present and future

  103. it is good to know though so that we as apeople and individually can make an informed desicion on what we will and wont do in the present and future

  104. Liz Kricken says:

    the elites…

  105. Liz Kricken says:

    the elites…

  106. 400 years without paying employees=foundation of america.

  107. 400 years without paying employees=foundation of america.

  108. roebuck, before it was called sears.

  109. It's time reparations with interest!!!!

  110. In a word…YES!

  111. You can't be serious Antoinette,ied that in the sixties through violence when many more African American men were schooled in the Art of war and it failed.
    Most people of today wii not agree with the non violent methods of King and Gandhi the only method that worked against the European Oppressors. African Americans must free their minds from cultural enslavement as the bible tells Christians "..You are in the World but you must not be of the World.. In an earlier time there was perhaps a chance to return to Africa but that exists no longer. We are here for better or worse. But we must banish from our minds the notion that the majority "European" descendants in the larger numbers will ever treat us fairly. In the beginning Euros invented the 1 drop rule, why because there were African descended people who bore features more like eUros and indistinguishable from any white, but the rule was to let the descendants of Africa know they could never be white. Keep in mind the scientist tell us there is only "one race" ,the human race ,again the Euros invented Racial designations for continents to facilitate their claims of racial superiority

  112. You can't be serious Antoinette,ied that in the sixties through violence when many more African American men were schooled in the Art of war and it failed.
    Most people of today wii not agree with the non violent methods of King and Gandhi the only method that worked against the European Oppressors. African Americans must free their minds from cultural enslavement as the bible tells Christians "..You are in the World but you must not be of the World.. In an earlier time there was perhaps a chance to return to Africa but that exists no longer. We are here for better or worse. But we must banish from our minds the notion that the majority "European" descendants in the larger numbers will ever treat us fairly. In the beginning Euros invented the 1 drop rule, why because there were African descended people who bore features more like eUros and indistinguishable from any white, but the rule was to let the descendants of Africa know they could never be white. Keep in mind the scientist tell us there is only "one race" ,the human race ,again the Euros invented Racial designations for continents to facilitate their claims of racial superiority

  113. So as the same situation has perpetuated itself resulting in institutional racism today directed almost exclusively at black people (see the complete case of Lisa Jackson vs. Paula Deen posted online), and having a judicial system that validates blatant illegal activity directed at blacks – what might you propose should happen to reconcile circumstances related to African Americans? Should we once more stand in the back of the line though a flurry of immigrants have arrived on the shores of this country since slavery, and greatly benefited, at the expense of laws that prohibit African Americans from progressing as a people?

  114. Ronald Lawerence says:

    tate and lyle sugar company.

  115. Jerry Shaffer says:

    Michael Meggison your White they your poeple!!…All yall devil are the same.

  116. How dare you! No one here expects you to understand. In response to your varied and sundry questions, ask a Jewish person how they were compensated. Who are you to suggest that African Americans " learn from the past and move forward rather than dwell on it? This is our history and as the Jews say…"Never, forget."

  117. Angela McLemore : Pathetic response. You have no idea about what you have stated here. It's Blacks like you who denegrate the culture. One doen't just "jump up" and start a business. It takes REVENUE, business acumen, discipline, etc., etc., etc. Address only what you know and this topic you do not. Obviously, you know little about the past. Education might help open your eyes.

  118. Every industry profited by the enslavement system. Whether they admit it r not. And nothing will change with the constitution as it is. We are a second thought and as written in all policies and documents in code language, we will remain the principle factor for economic growth every where as we are seen as the consumers for all to make a living off of. The thread of racism runs in and out, through and deeply intertwined in the American system of white Supremacy. For those who thinks we are talking about the past, let's switch places for a year, then tell me if you think that it's over. Whites who privileged don't understand the method of divide and conquer–you have been and are being used too.

  119. The elites set it up, but other whites got a free ride, and is still an accessory to the crime.

  120. The elites set it up, but other whites got a free ride, and is still an accessory to the crime.

  121. Slavery still exists in USA, it's just called prison and u get urself put in!

  122. Didn't the entire country benefit from slavery?

    (economically speaking)

  123. They owe… #reparations

  124. Pamela Croomes-Banks says:

    or investing in promoting careers for African Americans that work so hard in Grade School, college etc… why not develop an accountable program in schools, college etc specifically for African American. You know we will NOT get that 40 acrs & a Mule….

  125. Pamela Croomes-Banks says:

    or investing in promoting careers for African Americans that work so hard in Grade School, college etc… why not develop an accountable program in schools, college etc specifically for African American. You know we will NOT get that 40 acrs & a Mule….

  126. Paula M. Adams says:

    Excuse me…
    The past has so much to do with the conditions we still face today. I'm always leery and confused by those who say we should "forget the past" and move on. Holocaust survivors and their families suffered and still suffer as much of it is generational. How can we "forget" the past when only 50years ago was the Civil Rights Act passed due to the March on Washington. And yet today, southern states are lining up after the Supreme Court gutted a crucial part of the Voter Rights Act that protected the voting rights of those that have historically been discriminated against. Now crazy voter ID laws are following suit. So, tell me, how are we to forget? Part of being a slave is noting having any rights. And to this day, the descendents of slaves continue (and other groups) still have to watch with civil vigilance, their rights. And by the way, not all black men want to be thugs, and not all young black men are seduced by what they hear in a rap song than any other young adult male by any other ethnicity. so please, watch with all the generalizing.

  127. Paula M. Adams says:

    Excuse me…
    The past has so much to do with the conditions we still face today. I'm always leery and confused by those who say we should "forget the past" and move on. Holocaust survivors and their families suffered and still suffer as much of it is generational. How can we "forget" the past when only 50years ago was the Civil Rights Act passed due to the March on Washington. And yet today, southern states are lining up after the Supreme Court gutted a crucial part of the Voter Rights Act that protected the voting rights of those that have historically been discriminated against. Now crazy voter ID laws are following suit. So, tell me, how are we to forget? Part of being a slave is noting having any rights. And to this day, the descendents of slaves continue (and other groups) still have to watch with civil vigilance, their rights. And by the way, not all black men want to be thugs, and not all young black men are seduced by what they hear in a rap song than any other young adult male by any other ethnicity. so please, watch with all the generalizing.

  128. Knowledge is power

  129. Michael Meggison If reparations is in the form of equal treatment and opportunities…yes!

  130. Zachary Dickerson says:

    Wow…Really???

  131. These people should be made to compensate the descendants of slavery because some of my people still living in slavery and poverty and these bastards are getting richer make them pay form a petition my folks was slaves too brought to the west indies England and some European.
    countries got rich off our folks back they should pay stop all the talking we need action.

  132. R Gale Pomeroy says:

    Trinity Church has so many scandals through the history of American and all of them are hidden within the church. It hides many lies and deception.

  133. Um excuse me Richard, but you have gravely mistaken and misunderstood what I said and what I meant. Until we stand up as a people and demand what is rightfully ours we will never enter the "Promised Land" in which we already live. I am not talking about fitting in and I am definitely not talking about trying to be white nor trying to be accepted by our euro American people. Please don't take what I said out of context. And please don't ass u me that I was trying to erect a racial war. Cause you can bet your bottom dollar that when you ass u me anything you always come out looking like the —!

  134. Alenia Sammy says:

    Michael Meggison – Hilarious…I can't even begin to respond to your statement, but here's a thought – there isn't enough money to compensate anyone for the evils of the slave trade.

  135. Michael Meggison Yeah they owe a debt to our nation

  136. Michael Meggison u re stupid fr dat..we want no shit from u guys….but dat history stays..n will hunt ur ancestors

  137. Elijah Spencer says:

    Even though this is the past whites, europeans , jews (all white people if you ask me ) have collectively profited at the expense of black free labor, they have passed down poverty while building their wealth at the expense of blacks, america has became a super power because of blacks so has europe
    , the easiest thing a white person can say is this is yesterday news because you don't understand , what happened, & some of you white people heads are so stuck up your ass it's pathetic, but I dont blame you I blame racist amerikkka for not teaching little white kids the Devilish nature of white people. You dont make people forefathers work from sun up to sun down without pay & be upset, get off your high horse white girl & read some real books Ill give you some " 100 yrs of lynchings" "From Slavery to freedom" "negro family in the usa" "slave trade by spehers" pick up those books & then maybe we can have a intellectual conversation

  138. Mark Hayes says:

    Who should they pay back you ask? The families of those affected. Thats who. And chances are many of those people died back then without immediate families, then there should be some fund set up in there honor to put deserving people in school.

  139. Mark Hayes says:

    Avoid these companies like the plague.Think about it if each and everyone one of us owned these companies or owned stock in these companies and these companies were profitable with our influence, if they participated in the jewish holocaust people would be up in arms. The fact that it happens to be with the on going African holocaust the one that started in the 1300's with the people now called arabs in east Africa, the holocaust sanctioned by popes, kings and queens in Europe and presidents and government here in the states, the one that destroyed millions while making others millionaires and billionaires just doesn't seem to matter to some. The same some who made boogeymen out of black men, while raping his wife and children. Thus destroying his family and instituting genocide. Here on this continent, the main continent and the continents and islands in the diaspora. If people can't see why this is good news so we can avoid these companies, if some ask if this is just history and why should we be concerned or any other stupid idiotic question we need to tell those individuals to kindly get up from the adult table and go play with the kids. Obviously they just don't understand or they were put there to dissuade and confuse, divide and conquer. We don't need there kind.

  140. 75 million is the consensus estimate for the number of Africans and Black Americans killed during 400+ years of American Slavery and American Jim Crow …
    An estimated 1.5 million Americans were killed in ALL of the American Wars combined. An estimated 10-15 were killed by the Holocaust. TODAY, Russia and Germany are the ONLY Caucasian countries whose population is greater than 75 million.

  141. Barry Solone says:

    Precisely my sentiments. Stop financially supporting a system which , at it's core, is designed to perpetuate your enslavement and to continue to benefit and even profit from that enslavement.

  142. Barry Solone says:

    It's also a reason why our history has been rendered, largely, "unknowable", through absence of and false documentation, dispersal of families, changing of names…..

  143. Barry Solone says:

    Yesterday is gone, but the knowledge that justice can be served, will do a hell of a lot towards a better tomorrow!!!

  144. Michael Meggison ithink it should be given to be honest….you dont? smh

  145. Jena Jones says:

    Add Chase Bank to the list.

  146. Very well said, Jacqueline Dickens

  147. Mark Brewster says:

    Michael Meggison — Some people here have said "Yes", just because of the asshole way you said that; personally, most of them would secretly rather have five minutes alone in a room with your prejudiced ass. I know *I* would, since half my daughter's bloodline comes from slaves. Only I'm not holding that in the back of my mind, trying to stand above such base impulses. I can't claim nobility in this, because I want to cripple you…something that WON'T take me five minutes to do. Something about that US Gov't-Issue combat training that makes that more possible…..

    You would do well to flee this page.

  148. Mark Brewster says:

    Michael Meggison — Some people here have said "Yes", just because of the asshole way you said that; personally, most of them would secretly rather have five minutes alone in a room with your prejudiced ass. I know *I* would, since half my daughter's bloodline comes from slaves. Only I'm not holding that in the back of my mind, trying to stand above such base impulses. I can't claim nobility in this, because I want to cripple you…something that WON'T take me five minutes to do. Something about that US Gov't-Issue combat training that makes that more possible…..

    You would do well to flee this page.

  149. Mark Brewster says:

    Sounds like an excuse to hate; "accessories" have been gone as long as slaves have been. With generations of hiding and deception, most of the "free riders" are as duped as anyone. Point fingers at the ones who pull the puppet strings.

  150. Mark Brewster says:

    Yep — happens cuz of three things:

    1.) Profiling;
    2.) Uneven/unfair sentencing;
    3.) A philosophy of "I'M GROWN, I CAN DO WHAT I PLEASE, I AIN'T GOTTA TAKE SHIT FROM NOBODY!"

    Blame the puppeteers for 1 & 2.

  151. It is up to the VICTIMS and their Children to decide the appropriate response to this information NOT the SLAVEMASTERS or their CHILDREN, Thank You MISSY!!! Still Arrogant after all these years!!!

  152. I think this is just a veneer. Insurance on slaves? Really? What I don't like about articles like this is they don't really expose the true economic engine slavery provided in the golden triangle. Where is the sugar industry, loans for expeditions? Massive amounts of capital was accumulated in the trade of slaves. It is of course the free labor as well but the trading of slaves is the economic bedrock on which the western world, especially America, is built.

  153. Thank you and well said, Luci Ryan!!!

  154. I think the woman who originally posted this maybe naïve I don't know that she is arrogant. Historically speaking many people and corporations in America have profited from slavery and slave trade including the Africans who sold other Africans into slavery. Slavery is a malicious atrocity but it is very very common and has been part of human history from the very beginning and still goes on today. To say one needs reparations, where would you begin? With the Africans who sold other Africans into slavery? Or is this strictly about whites vs. blacks? Native Americans were used as slaves, but could not handle the workload. The Irish, and rebel prisoners (from England) were used as slaves as well. So my question so I have clarity is this about slavery or is this about racism because they are separate issues.

  155. Black people are being abuse today.They are still killing and beating blacks .They have set up most of these laws for black people so that they can lock them up.One case of thousand ,Trayvon Martin was shot unarm and the killer gets no time.

  156. Yes…………Really!!!!

  157. It's high time we stand up, straighten up our backs, unite as a people and demand what's rightfully ours!!!! Other than that don't expect no one to give back to you what was stolen from you!!!! Remember that this country was founded on murder, theft, rape, deception, trickery, lies, etc.!!! The Native Americans were duped out of their lands(America)!! It was not handed to those who possess it now!! They took it by force!!! I said all of that to say this, if we continue to be docile and wait for our "40 acres and a mule" to be handed to us then we will continue to wait indefinitely!! We need to take back what is rightfully ours cause as you can see no one's going to give us the reparations that are already owed to us!!! My people get ready cause a revolution is about to begin whether we like it, accept it or not!!!! Too many of us are standing and fighting back!!! It's no longer enough to just sit there and say "enough is enough" we must take action and DO what we have to do to achieve economic, social, and political success as a race of people!!!! This is detrimental to the saving of our race, our children, our children's children, and our descendants from generation to generation!!!! Racism and genocide against People of Color is a very real thing!!!! Unless we DO something about it nothing worthwhile will be achieved…………………….. Think about it, seriously!!!!

  158. Milton Campbell says:

    Oh my God! This needs to be taught in schools and colleges.

  159. Milton Campbell says:

    Michael just an intelligent response will do and by the way there are too many black millionaires who now own stock in these companies.

  160. Khumo Kanjabanga says:

    lol. You can tell the way someone thinks by what they talk or makes what them angry. This is history to the descendants of the people whom were enslaved to build the Roman Empire which owns these corporates. Some people don't know shit, or either they do know shit except that they play dump as they are. These corporate, what's funny enough is that they affect us all in this modern life or present, either slave, black or white. Nothing is new under the sun, what happened, will still happen… They designed it for us all. So every shit you open your mouth to stench should be researched first and foremost..@brother Sid, yeah carry on soldier, tell it all however.

  161. Anne, the operative word in your statement is "we"…(Your free white ancestors) haven't had slaves for over a century so no one here can use it in the present tense". NOT! Well let me school you on a few moral facts…First…according to THE GOOD BOOK, Exodus 21:16.."And he that stealeth a man and selleth him, or if he be found in his land, he shall surely be put to death…This is GOD's LAW…All of you may have embraced THE TEN Commandments in Exodus 20: 1-17 but you didn't read the rest of the story….contained in 21:16 above..The stealing, selling, and enslavement of another is punishable by death….So now reparations may sound like peanuts to you in light of this new knowledge. What you're sounding like you're saying is that descendants should not be afforded the fruits of their forebears…If this is the case then many of you need to turn over anything within your families that were obtained by the enslavement process from 1400 until 1863?
    We're talking WORLDWIDE ANNE…whether you come from jolly Ireland, Britain, France, Spain, Denmark, etc…if your country benefited from African Slave labor…it trickled down to you….If doesn't matter if it sounds like it happened yesterday..it happened!

  162. Anne, the operative word in your statement is "we"…(Your free white ancestors) haven't had slaves for over a century so no one here can use it in the present tense". NOT! Well let me school you on a few moral facts…First…according to THE GOOD BOOK, Exodus 21:16.."And he that stealeth a man and selleth him, or if he be found in his land, he shall surely be put to death…This is GOD's LAW…All of you may have embraced THE TEN Commandments in Exodus 20: 1-17 but you didn't read the rest of the story….contained in 21:16 above..The stealing, selling, and enslavement of another is punishable by death….So now reparations may sound like peanuts to you in light of this new knowledge. What you're sounding like you're saying is that descendants should not be afforded the fruits of their forebears…If this is the case then many of you need to turn over anything within your families that were obtained by the enslavement process from 1400 until 1863?
    We're talking WORLDWIDE ANNE…whether you come from jolly Ireland, Britain, France, Spain, Denmark, etc…if your country benefited from African Slave labor…it trickled down to you….If doesn't matter if it sounds like it happened yesterday..it happened!

  163. First Step: Prayerful research start with….Psalm 119…….

  164. Second Step: Read history….Saudis: Inside the Desert Kingdom (Sandra Mackey)Chosen People of the Caucasus (Michael Bradley), The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors Dr.Frances Cress Welsing…just these few books will elighten you so you'll know the type of people you're dealing with..then you won't have to work so hard…You'll know first that you're dealing with foolish people and that you're looking for righteousness from the unrighteous…Then be right yourself…

  165. Read The History of White People by Neil Painter…Yes, I know reading takes you from Dancing with the Stars and American Idol…but you already know YOUR GOD does not like IDOLS..so GET REALLY REAL in this case..YOUR GOD DON"T PLAY THAT!

  166. Read EAT RIGHT for your BLOOD TYPE Dr. Peter J. D'Adamo…you see everybody can't eat everything…in this book this doctor tells us that for certain blood types substances in chicken causes the blood to thicken and causes STROKES! And you wonder why there is so many chicken places…yum yum…So Terrell Minor Jackson you asked for it…Find the solutions..it starts with you..if you're not healthy you can't fight can you? So start with taking care of yourself….Being ready to change anything starts with you taking care of yourself and educating yourself..you know the schools won't do it…We have to educate each other…I hope I've at least started the ball rolling….

  167. Rum, liquor….of all types..started on plantations in the carribean…by investors and gentleman planters…So how about tobacco…slave descendants shouldn't smoke or drink spirits….EVER!

  168. Quit drinking and smoking…they are both responsible for undermining your health …at some $5 and up per pack we can't afford it besides…they are addictive and will imprison you as sure as going to jail will…

  169. Being free takes work, doesn't it? Then lets be free, truely free..

  170. And yeah don't try that…"your own people sold you" diatribe…If you deal in
    STOLEN GOODS you are just as culpable as the one who sold it to you…

  171. Lt's be clear..it wasn't just, Slavery..it was the TRANSATLANTIC AFRICAN SLAVE (Americas) TRIANLULAR TRADE…EUROPE, CARRIBEAN, AMERICAS. We haven't dealt with the ARABIC AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE yet…

  172. Valerie D. Lewis-Mosley says:

    Brown University, Harvard offer scholarships for the economically challenged students….a note worthy ideal as some may think yet it arises out their duplicity in benefiting from slave trading. THESE scholarships are an attempt to make amends. GOOGLE their involvement. BROWN particularly made full public disclosure and apology….

  173. Valerie D. Lewis-Mosley says:

    In the law their is the doctrine ofu just enrichment.where it is unlawful to benefit or profit frrom another's contribution without appropriately compensating them. You know I laughed big time as I thought of my ancestors enslaved, family elders exploited as sharecroppers, those used and abused with minimum wage while industries raked in the bucks….

  174. Valerie D. Lewis-Mosley says:

    That is the doctrine of unjust enrichment….sorry for the typo…

  175. Valerie D. Lewis-Mosley says:

    The whole of economic growth of the USA is predicated on the slave trade. EVEN today many companies and families continue to benefit from wealth and inherited gained from the slave trade. GENERATIONS later folk are still benefitting. So those who say get over it slavery it slavery is over…I say it is alive and well as long as tge ill gotten wealth still benefits these companies and families!

  176. This is true!

  177. George Smith: Keep voting for corporate owned politicians and getting nothing. Boycott the politicians corporate owner and bring them to their knees financially. Voting makes no difference in these Citizens United days where they own the SCOTUS. No profit is the only language they speak.

  178. Barry Solone Keep telling them Barry. Problem is the Al Sharpton's of the world have been shutting down boycotts and are paid to do so. He shut one down back in 2008 yet there he is leading marches to Washington.

  179. Actually it was first built on using indentured servitude and leads up to the days when thanks to Bacon's Rebellion (1676-77) and several others like it, where people from Europe and Africa insurrected against the bad treatment of the bond labor holders, that the old idea of race first used against the Irish was used against the Africans.
    Race was invented as a response to labor solidarity of groups of people from African and Europe who didn't refer to themselves by skin color but instead by nationality. They were also heavily intermarried. The British were the last in the colonial and slave trading games and thus learned from all their predecessors.
    The greedy British got tired of dragging poor people off the streets of Bristol, London, Ireland, Scotland to work first on sugar plantations in Barbados mostly and instead wanted free labor. To do this they set up a society where Africans, the preferred skilled labor, would never be able to rise above the status of enslavement no matter where they go. The social structure here was not like the Caribbean with three levels allowing for social promotion. Only two levels here, bond holder and bond worker. Once the labor system changed to slavery/free labor that left a lot of poor Europeans. They were sold a lot of lies to make them believe that they were better, deserving of liberty and were better. Amazingly, the Irish were called a Race for ages by the British but jumped on the bandwagon and defended this practice even though they were poor and their best interests were aligned with that of the African. To this day they vote against themselves and things never seem to stick, like unionization. That's because the labor union fights were always a White man's labor fight and a White Ethnic labor fight excluding the Africans and Native Indians of course as though they never existed.
    Read "The Invention of the White Race" by Theodore W. Allen, edited by Jeffrey B. Perry.

  180. Deborah Martin – Agreed. I'm more interested in wealth building so I can control politicians, which will lead to control of courts, then police and finally education facilities.

  181. Larry Hedgeman & Barry Solone – Agreed. The issues are what do we do to circumvent the institution. In my opinion one would be an agreement amongst our people that we are in trouble. With the swelling population of immigrants who have adopted the western hemisphere ideology of thinking black people are inferior. The rights which they are now benefiting from that black people fought for, we're truly being regulated to a 2nd and 3rd and possibly 4th class citizen status.

  182. Antoinette Griffin to whom and for what justifiable reason?

  183. Antoinette Griffin come on you got to get real. What is all your incoherrent bable about. You want to say something? Say it, don't beat around the bush? What ya'll going to take? Your forty acres and a mule?

  184. Angela McLemore I like your comment Angela, if the man won't give you a job create one. That's exactly right. Only you can keep you from becoming what you want to be.

  185. Luci Ryan I am a 33 year old white man. I have no formal education beyond High School. Two years ago in the economic downturn I lost my job. With no promising jobs available to me, I did exactly what Angela suggested. I started a business doing web design for small business owners. I self taught myself over the last seven years to build websites, in order to better myself. Quit making excuses. Life is hard. It's no one's responsibility but our own to face up to challenges that we meet in this life. When I fail you know what happens? Self-Accountability. I suggest you learn a little.

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