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Friday, April 18th, 2014

Colorism Still Plaguing Black Communities Around the World

Is the black community still plagued by colorism—discriminating and hurting each other based on skin complexion?

That’s the intriguing question explored by author Marita Golden in an essay published on the Washington Post website. Golden says she still encounters black people making harmful comments or treating one other differently because one person may be darker or lighter than the other, which for her brought back hurtful memories from her childhood when such colorism was more rampant and destructive.

Golden shared the highlights of a dinner discussion she recently had with two African-American females who said they still see evidence of colorism among young people.

“When I was in high school a girl told me I acted like I didn’t know I was dark-skinned, and wondered where I got my pride and dignity from,” one of the women told Golden, author of “Don’t Play in the Sun: One Woman’s Journey Through the Color Complex.”

Golden said the other woman talked about her daughter, who has been mistaken for every nationality from Greek to Spanish.

“My daughter hears all the time from black boys that they would never marry a girl darker than she is,” the woman said, adding that her daughter attends a respected HBCU and has shared with her mother stories of female classmates physically assaulting one another in the wake of verbal colorist insults.

Golden has spoken on college campuses across the country and led many workshops on colorism since the publication of her book.

“Back in the day there were paper bag tests, blue vein societies and the orthodoxy that AKAs are light, Deltas are brown, Zetas are black,” Golden writes. “Fast forward to today and on Twitter there is a #teamlightskinned hashtag and complexion competitions in urban nightclubs, as reported by the St. Louis American via the St. Louis-Post Dispatch. The color complex — or, put simply, the belief in the superiority of light skin and European-like hair and facial features — is, among African Americans, a legacy of slavery. Once practiced and adhered to with nearly unquestioned fidelity, today, despite its persistence, colorism is increasingly being questioned, and in some quarters dismantled.”

Golden says she encountered a great deal of colorism herself growing up in Washington, DC, where she can recall her mother calling her indoors with the warning, “Come on inside out of that sun — you’re already gonna have to get a light-skinned husband for the sake of your children.”

“By the time a young male classmate in my fifth-grade class at Harrison Elementary School brushed my hand away when I reached for his after we were assigned to be partners to learn how to square dance, I knew instinctively that he didn’t want to touch me not just because I was a Negro (as we were called back then), but also because I was the wrong color Negro,” she writes.

Golden says increasing attention has been directed at the issue in recent years. In addition to her book, she points to the “must-see” documentary by actor and producer Bill Duke called “Dark Girls.”

“Black and white scholars around the country and the world are studying and writing papers and books about the societal consequences of this largely accepted, even encouraged, form of discrimination,” Golden writes. “Their findings, such as the results of a study from Villanova University published in January of 2011 on lighter-skinned black female prison offenders, are bringing together evidence from psychological, economic, political and cultural studies that reveal the insidious and long-term impact of the color complex on an individual’s emotional well-being and life chances. Research conducted by Verna M. Keith of Arizona State University and Cedric Henry of the University of Illinois at Chicago confirms the truth, hidden in plain sight, that in the black community there is a direct correlation between higher levels of wealth, health, education, and status and lighter complexion. “

Golden calls colorism one of the most unacknowledged and unaddressed mental-health issues in communities of color around the world, linked to the still lingering belief that the closer to European one appears, the better and more attractive you are.

“We have to take the vital and healing conversation now taking place around us, out of the hallowed halls of the academy, cyberspace and the circles of the cultural elite and into our kitchens, bedrooms, churches and schools,” she concludes. “In my family, when our now-grown children were young, my husband and I wove discussions of  colorism into conversations about media presentations of African Americans, African American history, race and life in general, so that our children developed the ability to comfortably talk about colorism, recognize it and reject it.”

About Nick Chiles

Nick Chiles is a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and New York Times bestselling author. He has written or co-written 12 books and won over a dozen major journalism awards during a journalism career that brought him to the Dallas Morning News, the Star-Ledger of New Jersey and New York Newsday, in addition to serving as Editor-in-Chief of Odyssey Couleur travel magazine.

Comments

  1. Anonymous says:

    she is still suffering from colour complex. she made sure we all know her daughter wasnt as dark as her. so she went off and got knocked up by someone who could give her a child not as dark as herself. black people are the saddest people on the planet. why was it necessary for her to mention that her daughter was mistaken for everything except black. lady please go seek help you still have a complex.

  2. The Short of all of this stems from the Anglo-Saxson initiating a division among the people of color (African American), through his influence, by stating that being dark of color is bad and less desireable to human kind; this nonsense was (is) a brainwashing situation that was (is) enbeded into our (African American ) thought process. Why Should we hate ourselves? We must become better educated of ourselves and not be bambozaled once again. Eyes wide open….People; do not forget as to how this colour complex came about…..Through the process of Slavery and force of action of intercourse upon the African American Woman. Read and understand your journey through out this world….

  3. Tina Okonkwor says:

    The issue of light skinned amongst Black people has always been and will alway's be, it has been that way in our community for as far back as anyone can remember, they have most definitely not been referred to as Multiracially mixed by any black person.

  4. Not all black women where diluded in the slave trade..a lot of us black men on purpose during slavery raped and killed white women..plus we mixed ourselves with other culture of women..because we found them attractive..

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