W.E.B Du Bois and Booker T. Washington
The Atlanta Compromise pit Du Bois and Washington at odds. The two men would have a public feud that would last until Washington’s death. Du Bois believed that speech was problematic because it reinforced ideas that Black people were second class citizens. The 14th Amendment granted Black people citizenship and in all levels Black people should be equal to whites. Education and actively seeking civil rights could guarantee that Blacks would be equal. Du Bois’ The Souls of Black Folks was released in 1903 as a direct response to Washington.
Booker T Washington and Marcus Garvey
Garvey admired Washington’s business ownership approach toward self-reliance. The two made plans to meet and work together, but Washington died before Garvey arrived in the United States. Though Garvey agreed with Washington that other forms of advancement would follow economic development, he disagreed with parts of his approach. Garvey believed that Blacks should aspire to positions of power and influence even though it would bring them into direct competition with the white power structure. Instead of asking or appeasing whites for to obtain liberation Garvey taught that Blacks should strive to first build a solid industrial foundation and the consequential success would allow them to shape their own destiny.