Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, Steve Biko was a prominent anti-apartheid activist in South Africa. As a student leader, he later founded the Black Consciousness Movement, which empowered many other Black individuals and coined the slogan “Black is beautiful.”
Anna J. Cooper
The American author and educator is still remembered today as one of the most prominent African-American scholars in U.S. history. Anna J. Cooper was born into enslavement in North Carolina, but by the age of 10, she earned a scholarship that allowed her to kick-start her impressive academic career at Saint Augustine’s Normal School and Collegiate Institute in Raleigh. Cooper fought for the right to take a class that the school initially reserved for male students only. After receiving her Ph.D. from the University of Paris-Sorbonne in 1924, she became only the fourth Black woman to earn a doctoral degree.