Garvey has become an international symbol for Black freedom. Civil rights leader the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. called him “the first man, on a mass scale, to give millions of Negroes a sense of dignity and destiny.”
From 1936 to 1938, Garvey attended conventions in Toronto in order to set up the School of African Philosophy.
In 1940, he suffered a stroke that led to his death at age 52. In 1964, the Jamaican government proclaimed Garvey a national hero. The nation also created a shrine to honor him.