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12 Great African Women In History You Should Know

MAKARE HATSHEPSUT

HatshepsutThe 20-year reign of the outstanding female monarch Makare Hatshepsut, beginning about 1500 B.C., occurred near the pinnacle of Ancient Egypt. This time period is a golden age in the long history of African people. It was a period marked by tremendous internal stability and a time of great international prestige.

One of Hatshepsut’s grandest accomplishments was a splendid expedition to the African land of Punt — regarded by the Kamites as “God’s land.” The land of Punt was in the Horn of Africa, probably encompassing part of Somalia, Eritrea and even Yemen across the Red Sea in the Arabian Peninsula.  A journey to Punt was perhaps the greatest of achievements for the monarchs of Kmt.

Eti was the queen of Punt at the beginning of the 15 century B.C. The products of Punt included ebony, frankincense and myrrh. Eti, a large heavy-set woman, was famously depicted in a procession with Perehu, the king of Punt, on the walls of Makare Hatshepsut’s mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahri. The original depiction is now located in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut

Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahri

Princess Neferure was the daughter of Hatshepsut. Neferure was raised by the steward Senenmut. Several block statues of Senenmut exist with the head of Princess Neferure emerging from the block. Neferure has the titles: “King’s Daughter” and “God’s Wife.”

Makare Hatshepsut’s royal titles included: King of the North and South, Son of the Sun, The Heru of Gold, Bestower of Years, Goddess of Risings, Conqueror of all Lands, Lady of both Lands, Vivifier of Years, Chief Spouse of Amen, the Mighty One.

Makare Hatshepsut was one of the mightiest of African women.

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